A metal forming process, metal forging involves deforming a work piece by applying compressive forces to it, to create a desired geometric change in the work material. The process of forging is a very important part of industrial metal manufacture, particularly in the extensive industries of steel and iron manufacture.
Forging units in India are known to produce some of the strongest manufactured parts compared to other metal manufacturing processes, and obviously, is not just limited to iron and steel forging but to other metals as well. Different types of metals have different factors involved in forging them; some will be easier to forge than others. Aluminium, magnesium, copper, titanium, and nickel alloys are some of the commonly forged metals.
These forging units strengthen the material by sealing cracks and closing empty spaces within the metal. Metal forging gives distinct advantages in the mechanical properties of the work produced, over those of parts manufactured by other processes such as casting or machining.
The products made from metal forgings can range from small parts to parts weighing as much as 700,000 lbs. The products that are made by forging can include hand tools like bolts, screws, rivets, and chisels; transportation equipmentâ€™s structural components like connecting rods, gears, levers, crankshafts for automobiles and railroads; critical aircraft parts like shafts for jet engines and turbines, and landing gear; etc.